The Protocol on Gibraltar shall apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the provisions on citizens` rights, which shall continue thereafter. The Protocol covers the preparation of the application of the civil rights part of the Withdrawal Agreement and allows for the application of EU law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain agree on this point; establishes cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax, environmental protection and fisheries matters, as well as in police and customs matters. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain at the labour level, in particular through the deployment of joint committees in the areas of citizens` rights, the environment, police, customs and tobacco. The government has pledged to pass a resolution in both houses of parliament before the EP vote, with each chamber being asked to approve the withdrawal agreement. So far, the UK Parliament has had two “significant votes” but had not approved the November 2018 withdrawal agreement, despite EU assurances in January 2019 that the backstop should not be permanent, and further interpretations and clarifications in March 2019. The Strasbourg “package” of clarifications and the Prosecutor General`s statement on them are discussed in the House of Commons` information document 8525, The “Strasbourg Package”, of 13 March 2019. On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament approved the draft agreement by passing the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the United Kingdom Government adopted a Decision on 29. January 2020, Britain`s ratification document issued and tabled.   The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020 after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force.
On October 22, 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended.   The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled “Agreement on the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community”, is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK), signed on 24 January 2020, setting out the conditions for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU and Euratom. The text of the Treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier […].